Coronavirus Information and Resources for VCs and Startups

NVCA continues to monitor the pandemic recovery and is working diligently to address the VC industry’s needs and provide resources that aim to help firms and portfolio companies during this challenging time. This webpage provides important information and resources to venture-backed companies about the federal response to COVID-19, including tax credits, loan opportunities, and sick leave. NVCA will update this information as it becomes available.

You can also find relevant updates on Twitter by following @NVCA


Government Resources VC-backed Companies Can Utilize

Startups Combating COVID-19

NVCA Resources & Updates

Additional Resources for VCs and Startups

Stop the Spread Campaign

News Stories About COVID-19 & Startups

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Over the past few weeks, several major bills have been passed through Congress designed to help cushion the coronavirus’ economic impact. NVCA has been hard at work to ensure that resources being provided by the government are available and usable for VC-backed companies. Below we have highlighted the key resources being provided by the government that VC-backed companies can utilize:

Resources Passed by Congress

The CARES Act (signed into law on March 27) created the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), a $350 billion small business lending facility administered through the Small Business Administration (SBA). We believe this program is the most generous program for small businesses, as the loan turns into a grant for those who maintain payroll. 

NVCA has been fighting for the ability of venture-backed startups to access the PPP, and we are working closely with the Small Business Administration (SBA) on affiliation guidance that will determine whether VC-backed companies are eligible for the lending facility. The key concern in the bill that we had was the affiliation rules challenge. We sent a letter to the Treasury Department and the Small Business Administration, urging them to take immediate action to ensure that small businesses with equity investors will not be excluded from the stimulus bill’s relief programs. You can read the letter here:

The Treasury Department and SBA recently released the loan application for the PPP. Unfortunately, this application was originally released without accompanying affiliation guidance clarifying whether startups can access the PPP. The application also required representations and certifications that were incongruent with the role of minority investors in companies. Therefore, NVCA sent a letter (which you can read below) to Treasury and SBA detailing our concerns and asking that affiliation guidance be issued and that changes be made to the PPP application process.

We also sent a letter to Treasury asking for clarity on the interaction between the tax provisions and the loan facility, which you can read here

In recent days, important guidance about the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) and affiliation rules has been put out by the Treasury Department and Small Business Administration. This guidance has provided helpful information regarding the obligations of venture-backed companies.

We are focused on helping our members and their portfolio companies understand PPP and, if appropriate, apply for the program. To that end, NVCA has worked with a team of attorneys to put together a step-by-step guide to the PPP and analysis of the applicable affiliation rules. Below you will find a memo that we hope helps you navigate PPP (updated April 9). Please share it with your portfolio companies as they explore PPP.

And in an effort to help VC-backed companies navigate this process, NVCA put out an earlier guidance document for how companies can navigate the SBA lending process and affiliation rules. Read that guidance here.

You can read Treasury’s most recent PPP FAQ here.

Additional Resources: 

Congressional Letters of Support:

Employers are generally required to pay 6.2% in Social Security taxes on workers’ wages up to $137,700. This provision allows these tax payments to be deferred through the end of the year, with half of the deferred payments due by the end of 2021 and the other half by the end of 2022. This should free up some capital at companies through the crisis. For instance, a company with 100 employees making $75K will have about $350K in payroll taxes eligible for this deferral.

NVCA is pleased to share some long-awaited FAQs from the IRS regarding the payroll tax deferral. NVCA made several requests to Treasury and the IRS for this clarity and for relief, and it appears they have more than agreed with our position. We are grateful for the staff at Treasury and IRS for taking the time to review these issues and provide helpful guidance. Two particular issues to note:

  • Helpful clarity on interaction with PPP loan forgiveness recipients;
  • Helpful clarity on interactions with emergency leave credit and employee retention credit. 

Interaction with Loan Forgiveness Under PPP

This is very important for those planning to participate in the loan forgiveness aspect of PPP. Question 4 clarifies that IRS will allow those whose loans are forgiven under PPP (which renders them ineligible for payroll tax deferral) to defer repayment on previously deferred payroll taxes until the end of 2021/2022. To NVCA’s current knowledge, this means that all companies can access this benefit. Those whose loans are forgiven under PPP will simply have to restart their employer Social Security payroll tax payments.

4. Can an employer that has applied for and received a PPP loan that is not yet forgiven defer deposit and payment of the employer’s share of social security tax without incurring failure to deposit and failure to pay

Yes. Employers who have received a PPP loan, but whose loan has not yet been forgiven, may defer deposit and payment of the employer’s share of social security tax that otherwise would be required to be made beginning on March 27, 2020, through the date the lender issues a decision to forgive the loan in accordance with paragraph (g) of section 1106 of the CARES Act, without incurring failure to deposit and failure to pay penalties. Once an employer receives a decision from its lender that its PPP loan is forgiven, the employer is no longer eligible to defer deposit and payment of the employer’s share of social security tax due after that date. However, the amount of the deposit and payment of the employer’s share of social security tax that was deferred through the date that the PPP loan is forgiven continues to be deferred and will be due on the “applicable dates,” as described in FAQs 7 and 8.

Interaction with Emergency Leave and Employee Retention Credits

Also, for those companies accessing either the refundable paid leave credit or the employee retention credit, questions 6 clarifies that those benefits can stack behind the payroll tax deferral, meaning companies will be able to access greater value out of those credits.

6. Can an employer that is eligible to claim refundable paid leave tax credits or the employee retention credit defer its deposit and payment of the employer’s share of social security tax prior to determining the amount of employment tax deposits that it may retain in anticipation of these credits, the amount of any advance payments of these credits, or the amount of any refunds with respect to these credits?

Yes. An employer is entitled to defer deposit and payment of the employer’s share of social security tax prior to determining whether the employer is entitled to the paid leave credits under sections 7001 or 7003 of FFCRA or the employee retention credit under section 2301 of the CARES Act, and prior to determining the amount of employment tax deposits that it may retain in anticipation of these credits, the amount of any advance payments of these credits, or the amount of any refunds with respect to these credits.

The Families First Coronavirus Response Act, signed into law on March 16, contains a provision to require paid sick leave and family and medical leave and includes a refundable employer credit for wages paid during this leave, as well as enhanced nutrition security initiatives, and increased federal funds for Medicaid.

One element of this proposal important to VC-backed companies is the requirement for paid emergency leave, backed up by a refundable employer credit to offset wages paid. Please see attached for a helpful summary of the provision from our friends at Smith Anderson.

Regulatory guidance for how companies can begin the process for claiming refundable tax credits can be found here.

A brief summary of the refundable employer tax credit below and link to committee summary here on the mechanics of the credit:

  • Bill provides a 100% refundable tax credit for employers with fewer than 500 employees to provide two weeks of paid sick leave and up to 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave for employees affected by COVID-19 through December 31, 2020.
  • The maximum amount of an employee’s wages required to be paid and eligible for the credit are $511 per day. The credit limitation is $200 per day for employees taking leave to care for a family member impacted by coronavirus or a child if his or her school was closed due to the health emergency. This credit will offset payroll tax obligations and is also refundable for firms without profits or current tax liabilities

Using funds appropriated under the CARES Act, Treasury is making a $75 billion equity investment to stand up the Federal Reserve Main Street Lending Facility (MSLF). This investment will enable up to $600 billion in new financing for businesses. A stated goal of the program is to “enhance support for small and mid-sized businesses that were in good financial standing before the crisis by offering 4 year loan terms to companies employing up to 10,000 workers or with revenues under $2.5B.” NVCA submitted a number of challenges and proposed solutions for the Federal Reserve to consider with the program’s current structure and how it can provide access for venture-backed growth companies.

For companies that have seen operations either fully or partially suspended by government order or who have seen gross receipts fall by more than 50% in the quarter than compared with the same quarter the previous year, there is a refundable credit of 50% of wages paid up to a total of $10K per employee. BE CAREFUL though, since firms that access the small business loan facility (PPP) become ineligible for this program.

The IRS recently put out an FAQ document for the Employee Retention Credit, which you can download below:

We are still trying to track down more details on this, and will share when we have more information. But there is a broad expansion of categories for unemployment insurance for a number of different scenarios, including business closure, losing access to transportation to work, or is otherwise unable or unavailable to work, which we believe should include furloughed workers. We were told by a leadership staffer that this provision was in there, and we are guessing this may be the section it is included in, but we would welcome any feedback as to whether this is accurate. If so, this should help those of your companies debating furloughs vs layoffs.

The Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act provided $8.3 billion in emergency funding for federal agencies’ response to the COVID-19 outbreak, including more than $4 billion to make diagnostic tests more broadly available; to support treatments to ease the symptoms of those infected with the virus; and to invest in vaccine development and to procure vaccines when they are available. The bill also provides funding for the Small Business Administration disaster loan programs to provide working capital loans of up to $2 million to help overcome the temporary loss of revenue.

Resources Enacted by Regulatory Agencies

The SEC has released a temporary rule allowing Form ID filings without the requisite notarization for those who have trouble obtaining notarization due to COVID-19.

The SEC announced they will allow email Form 144 filings from April 10 to June 30.

The IRS recently announced that they are expanding on their decision to extend the ability to file tax returns until July 15th to also allow taxpayers an extension to make estimated tax payments until July 15th. Learn more in the IRS news release.

American startups are the most innovative companies in the world, and many are currently fighting COVID-19. Large companies often dominate the headlines, but nimble high-growth companies are the ones re-defining the boundaries of science and technology. Some of these companies were previously in the healthcare space and have shifted their attention solely to addressing COVID-19, while others were previously in other sectors and have pivoted to do their part. Startups are fighting against COVID-19 in communities across the country, demonstrating the rise of emerging startup ecosystems in new cities and states. NVCA sent letters to U.S. House and Senate leadership on efforts by America’s startups to combat COVID-19.

*Click the ‘expand record’ icon to the left of the company name to view full details

*This list is self-reported and does not represent an exhaustive list.

Add Your Story to the List!

If you are a VC that has a portfolio company that is working on COVID-19 related issues, or are a VC-backed company working on COVID-19 issues, please share your story with us by completing this short survey:

In our leadership role as an industry convener, we want to address the opportunities and challenges our industry is facing and in the uncertain period ahead.

The U.S. startup ecosystem has rapidly entered a new chapter of what will be a turbulent period over at least the next several quarters. Investment in the startup ecosystem is expected to drop significantly at a time when the country needs it most for company and job creation towards economic recovery from the global pandemic. NVCA released a white paper outlining what we believe the industry may look like over the coming months as this crisis evolves.

NVCA is hosting frequent webinars offering venture investors, communications professionals, finance/operations professionals, and startups relevant guidance and best practices from industry experts on how to weather the COVID-19 storm. These webinars are off the record and closed to press. Contact to request a copy of the recordings.

  • March 17 – Visualizing the Exit: How to Plan Follow-on Round Through Scenario Analysis
  • March 20 –COVID-19: What VCs & Startups Need to Know Now. 
  • March 20 –Best Practices on Building and Implementing a Compliance Manual.
  • March 24 – COVID-19: VC Veterans Weigh in on How to Weather the Storm.
  • March 25 – What We Know and What We Don’t Know from Washington, D.C.
  • March 26 – Beyond VC: Wellness + COVID-19.
  • March 27 – CARES Act and the Startup Ecosystem
  • March 30 – COVID-19 Webinar: Update on Stimulus Bill & the Startup Ecosystem
  • March 31 –Crisis Communications + COVID-19.
  • April 2 – Updated Guidance on Small Business Loan Facility
  • April 6 – COVID-19: Navigating resources for startups
  • April 7 – PPP Rollout: Where We Are and Guidance for Next Steps
  • April 9 – Should Portfolio Companies take PPP Loan?
  • April 14 – Crisis Communications Part II. Find the recording here.
  • April 28  VC Panel: COVID Crisis & the Startup Ecosystem: What Now? *Members only, closed to press*
  • Stay tuned for more!

The next VC University online cohort launches June 1st. Entrepreneurs, angel investors, VCs, fund managers, attorneys, and anyone else looking to unlock their venture skills will be able to complete the majority of the requirements (approximately 20 hours of content) for the online course on their own schedule. Participants also have exclusive access to virtual office hours and monthly Lunch & Learn webinars focusing on a range of important industry topics with expert insights and Q&A. VC University is a joint initiative of NVCA and Startup@BerkeleyLaw. Learn more here.

We just released the NVCA 2020 Yearbook. Download the NVCA 2020 Yearbook here. Access the public supplemental PDF data pack here. NVCA members have access to a members-only XLS data pack. Contact to learn more.

Our data partners at PitchBook have published a “Sell-Everything Trade, and the Impact on Private Markets” note to assess what’s in store for PE and VC firms in the wake of recent market volatility and an impending economic slowdown.

NVCA’s Preferred Provider Program helps our members save time and money through special offers from exceptional partners. Visit our webpage to see which providers we partner with to help your firm.

If you are a VC firm that is looking to hire and would like to share an open role with our community, please fill out the form here. Posting is free for NVCA member firms; non-member firms pay $100/month per posting. Please note all postings are subject to NVCA review.

Cooley: Applicability of Force Majeure and Related Doctrines in Response to COVID-19

Cooley: Your Insurance Checklist for Coronavirus Losses

Cooley: Proactive Steps for Employers to Take in Light of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak

Deloitte: US Business Impact of COVID-19

Deloitte: CARES Act Accounting and Reporting Considerations

Deloitte: Implications for the Banking and Capital Markets Sector

Deloitte: Financial Reporting Considerations

Deloitte: Economic Impact of COVID-19

Differential Ventures: Seed-stage venture capital firm announces a grant program to support COVID-19 relief efforts. The COVID-19 Grant Program is a $500,000 pool of funds that will be deployed as grants of up to $25,000 each to venture-backed companies that are using data science, machine learning, or artificial intelligence to find a cure for COVID-19 or to support relief efforts for victims of COVID-19.

Gusto: COVID-19 Loan and Relief Resources for Small Businesses

Insperity: COVID-19 pandemic: How to prepare your business

Outfront Solutions: The Crisis Lifecycle – Six Stages of Crisis that Guide Your Strategy and Messaging

Sidley Austin: Key Business and Legal Issues to Consider in Light of COVID-19

Smith Anderson: Emergency Loan Program for Small Businesses and Non-Profits Impacted by COVID-19

Startup Hire Me: Website that helps connect employees who were recently let go or displaced by COVID-19 with startups that are currently hiring

T3: Compilation of Workplace Resources

T3: COVID-19 Re-Entry Considerations

T3: Post COVID Workplace Considerations

T3: Remote Work Considerations

Throughline Group: Coronavirus: How To Deliver a Dynamic Virtual Presentation When You Can’t Go To Work

Woodruff: Coronavirus: Your Business and People Risks

Woodruff: Coronavirus: Insurance Perspectives on Your Business Risks

WSGR: Venture Lending in a Time of Crisis 

WSGR: Considerations in Accessing Revolving Credit Lines

WSGR: The Impact of COVID-19 on Merger Reviews: Practical Considerations for the United States

WSGR: COVID-19 Tax Relief: Congress Enacts New Refundable Payroll Tax Credits and IRS Postpones Tax Deadlines

WSGR: Digest of FDA Actions Related to COVID-19

WSGR: COVID-19 Update: SEC Guidance and Practical Considerations for Virtual Annual Meetings

  • NVCA has joined the #PayItForward initative to immediately pay small business vendors for their services to help them stay afloat for the next 30 days.
  • Key events hosted by NVCA have been cancelled in Bay Area, NY, and DC to avoid the spread of COVID-19. Instead, NVCA has launched a series of webinars in lieu of in-person events.
  • NVCA’s Washington, D.C. and San Francisco offices are closed to avoid the spread of COVID-19.
  • NVCA has instituted flexible work-from-home (“WFH”) policies to support our employees, especially so for those with children who now have closed schools and daycares.
  • NVCA is advocating for federal policies in the moving legislation that provides for small business lending and tax credits.

We will continue to update NVCA members on evolving COVID-19 information, resources, and policy updates via our Series D.C. member newsletter. If you are an NVCA member and are not receiving our Series D.C. newsletter, please sign up here.

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